Benjamin Koeppe, Erik T. J. Nibbering, Peter M. Tolstoy

«NMR and FT-IR studies on the association of derivatives of thymidine, adenosine, and 6-N-methyl-adenosine in aprotic solvents»

Z. Phys. Chem. 2013, accepted.

TOC_for_ZPC

 

Abstract:
Associates of 3’,5’-O-TBDMS protected derivatives of deoxynucleosides adenosine, 6-N-methyl-adenosine and thymidine (henceforward simply addressed by their parents’ names) and further model systems in dichloromethane and Freon (CDClF2/CDF3) solu-tions are studied at low temperatures by 1H NMR and FT-IR spectroscopy. N…N distances in hydrogen bonds are estimated from chemical shifts of protons in hydrogen bonds employing geometric and spectroscopic hydrogen bond correlations. These distances are in turn employed to derive NH stretching frequencies from IR spectroscopic hydrogen bond correlations which may be compared to corresponding experimental results. Three isomeric hydrogen bonded dimers of thymidine are characterized in Freon solution at 120 K. Binary associates of thymidine and a series of pyridines are studied; estimated N…N distances in the range of 3.08 to 2.85 Å are qualitatively correlated to shifts of NH stretching bands where in all cases considerable contributions are found in the spectral region below 3000 cm-1. For adenosine, three isomeric binary associates with 4-nitrophenol are found allowing for an assessment of site-specific acceptor capabilities. In associates of thymidine and adenosine, Watson-Crick and Hoogsteen type 1:1 associates (estimated N…N distances of 2.85 and 2.90 Å) as well as 2:1 associates bearing only marginally longer (i.e. weaker) H-bonds could be characterized. Two 1:1 associates between thymidine and 6-N-methyl-adenosine are desctibed that are exclusively bonded via NH…N bridges of about 2.97 and 3.08 Å for Watson-Crick and Hoogsteen sites, respectively, which leads to the conclusion that cooperative effects among coupled NH…O and NH…N hydrogen bonds in A-T base pairs are significant as formation of the NH…O bond induces a contraction of around 0.15 Å in the neighboring NH…N bond.

nwes14a      nwes14b 

The staff of the resource center Povolotskiy A. and Kolesnikov I. participated in the exhibition "The results of the implementation of the federal target program" Research and development on priority directions of scientific-technological complex of the Russian Federation for 2007-2013" (April 25-27) in Moscow. Povolotskiy A. made a speech "Development of a synthesis method of nanocrystalline fluorescent labels for visualization of molecular markers in cells and tissues" at the plenary session.

 

 

B. Koeppe, J. Guo, P.M. Tolstoy, G. Denisov, H.-H. Limbach

«Solvent and H/D Isotope Effects on the Proton Transfer Pathways in Heteroconjugated Hydrogen-Bonded Phenol-Carboxylic Acid Anions Observed by Combined UV-Vis and NMR Spectroscopy»

J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013, accepted.

TOC_JACS_resize

 

ABSTRACT: Heteroconjugated hydrogen-bonded anions A···H···X- of phenols (AH) and carboxylic/inorganic acids (HX) dissolved in CD2Cl2 and CDF3/CDF2Cl have been studied by combined low-temperature UV-Vis and 1H/13C NMR spectroscopy (UVNMR). The systems constitute small molecular models of hydrogen-bonded cofactors in proteins such as the photoactive yellow protein (PYP). Thus, the phenols studied include the PYP cofactor 4-hydroxycinnamic acid methyl thioester, and the more acidic 4-nitrophenol and 2-chloro-4-nitrophenol which mimic electronically excited cofactor states. It is shown that the 13C chemical shifts of the phenolic residues of A···H···X-, referenced to the corresponding values of A···H···A-, constitute excellent probes for the average proton positions. These shifts correlate with those of the H-bonded protons, as well as with the H/D isotope effects on the 13C chemical shifts. A combined analysis of UV-Vis and NMR data was employed to elucidate the proton transfer pathways in a qualitative way. Dual absorption bands of the phenolic moiety indicate a double-well situation for the shortest OHO hydrogen bonds studied. Surprisingly, when the solvent polarity is low the carboxylates are protonated whereas the proton shifts towards the phenolic oxygens when the polarity is increased. This finding indicates that because of stronger ion-dipole interactions small anions are stabilized at high solvent polarities and large anions exhibiting delocalized charges at low solvent polarities. It also explains the large acidity difference of phenols and carboxylic acids in water, and the observation that this differences is strongly reduced in the interior of proteins when both partners form mutual hydrogen bonds.

Today the participants of the conference “The role and applications of collision processes in different kinds of plasmas and laser beams” have walked around the Center and have been acquainted themselves with modern NMR and EPR spectroscopic equipment.

Photos are in our gallery.

 

nwes12    

Specialists of the “Center for optical and laser materials research” Kolesnikov I., Pankin D. And Povolotckaia A. participated in the XI scientific seminar "Modern scientific and analytical equipment", INTERTECH Corporation, April 10-11, Moscow, Russia.