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M.T. Dau, J.R. Shakirova, A.J. Karttunen, E.V. Grachova, S.P. Tunik, A.S. Melnikov, T.A. Pakkanen, I.O. Koshevoy

“Coinage Metal Complexes Supported by the Tri- and Tetraphosphine Ligands”

Inorg. Chem., 2014, ASAP

DOI: 10.1021/ic500402m

A series of tri- and tetranuclear phosphine complexes of d10 metal ions supported by the polydentate ligands, bis(diphenylphosphinomethyl)phenylphosphine (<i">PPP) and tris(diphenylphosphinomethyl)phosphine (<i">PPPP), were synthesized. All the compounds under study, [AuM2(<i">PPP)2]3+ (M = Au (<b">1), Cu (<b">2), Ag (<b">3)), [M4(<i">PPPP)2]4+ (M = Ag (<b">4), Au (<b">5)), [AuAg3(<i">PPPP)2]4+ (<b">6), and [Au2Cu2(<i">PPPP)2(NCMe)4]4+ (<b">7), were characterized crystallographically. The trinuclear clusters <b">1–<b">3 contain a linear metal core, while in the isostructural tetranuclear complexes <b">4–<b">6 the metal framework has a plane star-shaped arrangement. Cluster <b">7 adopts a structural motif that involves a digold unit bridged by two arms of the <i">PPPP phosphines and decorated two spatially separated CuI ions chelated by the remaining P donors. The NMR spectroscopic investigation in DMSO solution revealed the heterometallic clusters <b">2, <b">3, and <b">6 are stereochemically nonrigid and undergo reversible metal ions redistribution between several species, accompanied by their solvation–desolvation. The complexes <b">1–<b">3 and <b">5–<b">7 exhibit room temperature luminescence in the solid state (Φem = 6–64%) in the spectral region from 450 to 563 nm. The phosphorescence observed originates from the triplet excited states, determined by the metal cluster-centered dσ* → pσ transitions.